Strategic Aims

The first diagram below is a completed sample of a ‘defense/liberation strategy document’: a succinct summary of an entire nonviolent defense/nonviolent liberation strategy.

This diagram will give you an idea of how your own defense/liberation strategy document should look so that activists implementing your strategy can readily see what you are all doing.

Using the blank version of the strategy document below (which you can download), write in the political purpose – ‘what you want’ – of your defense/liberation strategy. The two strategic aims – ‘how you get what you want’ – are already defined and printed into the document (because they are always the same).

RJB-NDdiag-PurpAims

Now you just need to define your strategic goals for both the defense and each of the three domains of the strategic counteroffensive. From your political and strategic assessment:

(1) identify the key social groups that can be mobilized to support and participate in your strategy (and then write these groups into the ‘bubbles’ on the left side of the blank diagram below),

(2) identify the key military, police and paramilitary forces whose support for the coup/invasion/occupation/dictatorship is vital (and then write these groups into the first column on the right side of the blank diagram below),

(3) identify the key social groups in the society of the opponent elite (another country in the case of an invasion/occupation and your own country in the case of a coup/dictatorship) whose support for the coup/invasion/occupation/dictatorship is vital (and then write these groups into the second column on the right side of the blank diagram below), and

(4) identify the key social groups in the societies of your opponent elite’s allies whose support for the coup/invasion/occupation/dictatorship is vital (and then write these groups into the third column on the right side of the blank diagram below).

Your strategic goals should then be written in accordance with the formula explained in this article: ‘The Political Objective and Strategic Goal of Nonviolent Actions’. That is: ‘To cause a [specified group of people] to act in the [specified way]’.

In turn below, I have identified the basic set of strategic goals that would usually be appropriate for:

1. defeating a political or military coup,
2. removing a military occupation, and
3. removing a dictatorship.

Strategic goals that would usually be appropriate for resisting a political or military coup and which conform to this formula include those listed below. It should be noted, however, that the list would be considerably longer as individual organizations – such as each corporation involved in or supporting the coup, whether it be for resource extraction or to perform some other function, such as banking, that helps to maintain it – should be specified separately.

Of course, individual groups within the defense would usually accept responsibility for focusing their work on achieving just one or two of the strategic goals. It is the responsibility of the struggle’s strategic leadership to ensure that each of the strategic goals (identified and prioritized according to local circumstances) is being addressed.

(1) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO1, WO2, WO…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, simple nonviolent actions would be to wear a national symbol (such as a badge of your national flag or ribbons in the national colors), to boycott all corporate media outlets supporting the coup and/or to withdraw all funds from banks supporting the coup. For this item and many subsequent, see the list of possible actions here.

(2) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T1, T2, T…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, this might include withdrawing their labor from an elite-controlled or foreign-owned bank/corporation operating in your country.

(3) To cause the small farmers and farmworkers in [organizations F1, F2, F…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(4) To cause the members of [religious denominations R1, R2, R…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(5) To cause the members of [ethnic communities EC1, EC2, EC…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(6) To cause the activists, artists, musicians, intellectuals and other key social groups in [organizations O1, O2, O…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(7) To cause the students in [student organizations S1, S2, S…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(8) To cause the soldiers in [military units M1, M2, M…] to refuse to obey orders from the coupmakers to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(9) To cause the police in [police units P1, P2, P…] to refuse to obey orders from the coupmakers to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(10) To cause businesspeople who conduct small businesses in [organizations SB1, SB2, SB…] in [your country] to refuse to cooperate with the coupmakers by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(11) To cause businesspeople who operate multinational franchises in [organizations MF1, MF2, MF…] in [your country] to refuse to cooperate with the coupmakers by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(12) To cause businesspeople who manage local branches of large multinational corporations in [organizations MNC1, MNC2, MNC…] in [your country] to refuse to cooperate with the coupmakers by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(13) To cause large farmers and ranchers in [organizations FO1, FO2, FO…] in [your country] to refuse to cooperate with the coupmakers by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(14) To cause the foreign managers and technical workers [working for resource extraction corporations X1, X2, X…] who are from [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to withdraw from [your country].

(15) To cause the workers in [trade union or labor organizations T4, T5, T…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to interrupt the supply of military weapons to [your country].

(16) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T7, T8, T…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to interrupt the transport of [military personnel/military weapons] to [your country].

(17) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T10, T11, T…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by refusing to handle [a particular resource] extracted and exported from [your country].

(18) To cause the workers [in trade union or labor organization T13, T14, T…] working in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(19) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO4, WO5, WO…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(20) To cause the members of [religious denominations R4,R5, R…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(21) To cause the solidarity activists in [activist organizations A1, A2, A…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(22) To cause the members of [your exile communities E1, E2, E…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(23) To cause the students in [student organizations S4, S5, S…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P… where the elite supports the coupmakers in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

Strategic goals that would usually be appropriate for resisting a military occupation and which conform to this formula include those listed below. It should be noted, however, that the list would be considerably longer as individual organizations – such as each corporation involved in or supporting the occupation, whether it be for resource extraction or to perform some other function, such as banking, that helps to maintain it – should be specified separately.

Of course, individual groups within the defense would usually accept responsibility for focusing their work on achieving just one or two of the strategic goals. It is the responsibility of the struggle’s strategic leadership to ensure that each of the strategic goals (identified and prioritized according to local circumstances) is being addressed.

(1) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO1, WO2, WO…] in [your area/country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, simple nonviolent actions would be to wear a national symbol (such as a badge of your national flag or ribbons in the national colors), to boycott all corporate media outlets supporting the occupation and/or to withdraw all funds from banks supporting the occupation. For this item and many subsequent, see the list of possible actions here.

(2) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T1, T2, T…] in [your area/country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, this might include withdrawing their labor from an occupier/foreign-owned bank/corporation operating in your country.

(3) To cause the members of [religious denominations R1, R2, R…] in [your area/country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(4) To cause the members of [ethnic communities EC1, EC2, EC…] in [your area/country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(5) To cause the students in [student organizations S1, S2, S…] in [your area/country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(6) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T4, T5, T…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to refuse to handle [a particular resource] extracted and exported from [your country].

(7) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T7, T8, T…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to interrupt the supply of military weapons to [your country].

(8) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T10, T11, T…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to interrupt the transport of [military personnel/military resources] to [your country].

(9) To cause the workers [working for resource extraction corporations X1, X2, X…] who are from [your opponent elite’s country] to withdraw from [your country].

(10) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO4, WO5, WO…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(11) To cause the members of [religious denominations R4,R5, R…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(12) To cause the students in [student organizations S4, S5, S…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(13) To cause the solidarity activists in [activist organizations A1, A2, A…] in [your opponent elite’s country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(14) To cause the soldiers in [military units M1, M2, M…] to refuse to obey orders to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(15) To cause the police in [police units P1, P2, P…] to refuse to obey orders to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(16) To cause the foreign managers and technical workers [working for resource extraction corporation X1, X2, X…] who are from [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to withdraw from [your country].

(17) To cause the workers in [trade union or labor organizations T13, T14, T…] working in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to interrupt the supply of military weapons to [your opponent elite].

(18) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T16, T17, T…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to interrupt the transport of [military personnel/military weapons] to [your opponent elite].

(19) To cause the workers [in trade union or labor organization T19, T20, T…] working in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(20) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO7, WO8, WO…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(21) To cause the members of [religious denominations R7, R8, R…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(22) To cause the members of [activist organizations A4, A5, A…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(23) To cause the members of [exile communities E1, E2, E…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(24) To cause the students in [student organizations S7, S8, S…] in [third party country 3P1, 3P2, 3P…] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

Strategic goals that would usually be appropriate for removing a dictatorship and which conform to this formula include those listed below. It should be noted, however, that the list would be considerably longer as individual organizations – such as each corporation involved in or supporting the dictatorship, whether it be for resource extraction or to perform some other function, such as banking, that helps to maintain it – should be specified separately.

Of course, individual groups within the defense would usually accept responsibility for focusing their work on achieving just one or two of the strategic goals. It is the responsibility of the struggle’s strategic leadership to ensure that each of the strategic goals (identified and prioritized according to local circumstances) is being addressed.

(1) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO1, WO2, WO…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, simple nonviolent actions would be to wear a national symbol (such as a badge of your national flag or ribbons in the national colors), to boycott all corporate media outlets supporting the dictatorship and/or to withdraw all funds from banks supporting the dictatorship. For this item and many subsequent, see the list of possible actions here.

(2) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T1, T2, T…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities]. For example, this might include withdrawing their labor from a dictatorship-supporting foreign-owned bank/corporation operating in your country.

(3) To cause the members of [religious denominations R1, R2, R…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(4) To cause the members of [ethnic communities EC1, EC2, EC…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(5) To cause the students in [student organizations S1, S2, S…] in [your country] to join the liberation strategy by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(6) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T4, T5, T…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to refuse to handle [a particular resource] extracted and exported from [your country].

(7) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T7, T8, T…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to interrupt the supply of military weapons to [your country].

(8) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T10, T11, T…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to interrupt the transport of [military personnel/military resources] to [your country].

(9) To cause the workers [working for resource extraction corporations X1, X2, X…] who are from [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to withdraw from [your country].

(10) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO4, WO5, WO…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(11) To cause the members of [religious denominations R4,R5, R…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(12) To cause the students in [student organizations S4, S5, S…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(13) To cause the solidarity activists in [activist organizations A1, A2, A…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(14) To cause the soldiers in [military units M1, M2, M…] to refuse to obey orders to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(15) To cause the police in [police units P1, P2, P…] to refuse to obey orders to arrest, assault, torture and shoot nonviolent activists and the other citizens of [your country].

(16) To cause the foreign managers and technical workers [working for resource extraction corporation X1, X2, X…] who are from [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to withdraw from [your country].

(17) To cause the workers in [trade union or labor organizations T13, T14, T…] working in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to interrupt the supply of military weapons to the dictatorship in [your country].

(18) To cause the workers in [trade unions or labor organizations T16, T17, T…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to interrupt the transport of [military personnel/military weapons] to the dictatorship in [your country].

(19) To cause the workers [in trade union or labor organization T19, T20, T…] working in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(20) To cause the women in [women’s organizations WO7, WO8, WO…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(21) To cause the members of [religious denominations R7, R8, R…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(22) To cause the members of [activist organizations A4, A5, A…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(23) To cause the members of [exile communities E1, E2, E…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

(24) To cause the students in [student organizations S7, S8, S…] in [key third party countries 3P1, 3P2, 3P… with elites that support the dictatorship in your country] to support your liberation struggle by participating in [your nominated nonviolent action(s)/campaign(s) and/or constructive program activities].

As you can see, the two strategic aims are achieved via a series of intermediate strategic goals.

RJB-NDdiag-PurpAims-blank

Source of this document: https://nonviolentliberationstrategy.wordpress.com/strategywheel/strategic-aims/